Review Index:

Building a Home Theater - Part 1: Introduction and Planning

Author: Lee Garbutt
Subject: Editorial
Manufacturer: General

Basic Design Goals - Source Material and Location

I can't emphasize enough how important the planning process will be to the ultimate success of your home theater project.  And the more sophisticated the home theater, the more planning will be required.  Each person will have their own unique set of goals and the planning process will vary greatly from one home theater to another. 

Something as simple as just adding a big-screen TV and surround speakers to an existing family room will most likely require rearranging the furniture and figuring out where and how to run speaker wires.  Consideration should also be given to both direct and reflected light.  On the other hand if your plans include building or remodeling a new dedicated home theater you will have even more things to consider starting with building codes, room layout, power, air conditioning, etc, etc.

To help start the planning process, ask yourself the following questions.

•    What types of material are you interested in watching and/or listening to?

•    Where will your home theater be located?

•    What is the size and shape of the room you plan to use?

•    How much of the work are you planning to do yourself?

•    Do you want to use a Flat panel TV or Projector?

•    What speaker configuration do you plan to use?

What types of material are you interested in watching and/or listening to?  One of the first steps in designing a home theater is deciding on the type of environment you want to create and prioritizing the types of material you are most interested in watching and/or listening to.

Will your home theater be a general purpose media room that offers a variety of material in a casual family room environment or do your goals lean more towards a dedicated theater room focusing on a particular media type?

How important is optimum picture quality and are you willing (and able) to provide near perfect light control?

For some, watching movies may be their main objective but for many others the home theater will be more versatile, enabling users to not only watch movies but also enjoy sports, TV and games.  Answering these questions will go a long way in defining the type of video display, speaker configuration and ambient light control that will be necessary to build a successful home theater.

If your main focus is watching movies then you are a good candidate for a front projector in a dedicated room that can provide near perfect light control.  However this wouldn't be the optimum setup if you plan to do a lot of socializing in a party environment watching a mix of sports, TV, an occasional movie, and playing games.  In this case a family room type setting might be a lot more suitable and a bright flat panel TV that doesn't require a darkened room would be a good choice.

Audiophiles will most likely be interested in a comfortable setting with excellent acoustics (good sound control) placing an emphasis on speakers, amplifiers, and speaker configuration. 

Where will your home theater be located? Do you plan to use an existing family room/living room and turn it into a multi-use media room or are you planning to remodel an existing room and make it a dedicated home theater?  Maybe your plans include starting from scratch by adding a home theater to an unfinished basement, adding on to your house, or incorporating a theater into new home construction?  Using an existing space will typically fix the size and shape of the room.  Ambient light from windows and skylights may be an issue as could sound isolation from adjoining rooms; all things to consider when picking the optimum location.

Building from scratch will provide greater flexibility and freedom to select the size, shape, and materials used in construction.  It also makes it much easier to run wires and cabling, control ambient light and soundproof walls and ceilings if needed.  New construction offers the advantage of not having to design around pre-existing conditions. 

Adding a home theater to an unfinished basement is a popular choice.  One of the biggest advantages to having a home theater in the basement is the potential for total light control.  This will be particularly important if you plan to use a projector.  On the down side, ceiling height may be limited.

Note: One of the things that is frequently overlooked or forgotten during remodeling or new construction is supplying adequate electrical power to all the home theater components.  A standard 15A branch circuit may not provide enough capacity to power all your new audio/video gear.  Depending on the equipment requirements you may need to have one or more dedicated 20A circuits run from the main circuit box to various locations in your home theater, especially if you are planning to have several large power amps and multiple subs.

Once you have decided on the location for your new home theater, the next big step is to look at the size and shape of the room.

July 13, 2011 | 02:35 AM - Posted by Tman3x (not verified)

Great 2 articles, are the other ones gonna be published? I really like how detailed yet I can still understand it. Stumbled upon this wonderful article site while looking for tips on setting up a home theater system.

September 26, 2011 | 10:28 AM - Posted by home theater setup guide (not verified)

If one has a smaller physical space and still wants a home theater arrangement, what can be done? Are there any good guides out there for space confinement?

February 6, 2012 | 11:36 AM - Posted by Deo Persaud (not verified)

hello i have a room in my basement that i am thinking of building a home theater the size is 19 x 13.5 would this be enough space?

June 5, 2012 | 12:16 AM - Posted by wilbert (not verified)

I'm building a hom theater from the scrach. I do notg want to put windows in the room. Myh wife said tha we can put two windows of 2.13254 ft x 1.31233 ft (0.65 meter x 0.40 meter).
the room is 16.4041 ft x 13.1233 ft (5 m x 4m).
What do you advise? Regards

August 29, 2012 | 11:05 AM - Posted by Nain Maniar (not verified)

my home theater room 29ft long...14ft Width..&..height 9ft
is it ok....wht sys is used 4 this room size..& i want 12ft screen

October 7, 2012 | 03:48 AM - Posted by Anonymous (not verified)

i got only 70sqm...second floor for my theater...with sony 3d bd system..and lg projector.i want space for toilet and a it possible?..please advice and if possible can i have a floor plan...exited:)

May 2, 2014 | 12:59 AM - Posted by glad i'm not you (not verified)

How does an entitled half-wit like you manage to afford enough space for a home theater? You want someone to draw up plans for your theater just like that? Unbelievable.

October 20, 2012 | 04:24 AM - Posted by Big T (not verified)

I am buildng a new home I am installing a 7.2 system. In my living room I have an area of 28' W X 18' L with vaulte4d cielings 36' High any speaker suggestions or placement suggestions. I am using a onkyo 818 receiver 7.2 3D w/ networking in home. Looking at monoprice speakers right know. Thanks

December 6, 2012 | 02:44 PM - Posted by Anonymous (not verified)

Due to the limited amount of space in my current home my theater messures 14'x7.5'x8'. I am only running a 1000w system and projecting an 80" picture, but couldn't be happier. I agree with everything in this article, but it's mainly a matter of working with what is avalible to you. I utilize sound absorption and black velvet to get the best sound and picture possible, and I can still seat 6 people comfortable in the theater.

March 6, 2013 | 10:20 AM - Posted by Dr.C.B.Chiniwal (not verified)

my home theatre size is 18feet by 15 feet

June 24, 2013 | 06:07 PM - Posted by Tony walker (not verified)

About a year ago, my wife and I renovated our home in Fort Lauderdale. We wanted to enjoy a cinematic experience from the comfort of our own home, but we did not have a huge room to work with. Thanks to the team at Pure Audio Video, we got a beautifully designed room that looks and sounds far better than the local movie theaters! What I admired the most is that they listened to our priorities and delivered the room that we envisioned. Contact them today at or (954)-581-4434.

March 27, 2015 | 01:37 AM - Posted by Anonymous (not verified)

I wouldn't recomment them since if they are breaking the rules by spamming the messages, one can only imagine what their other business practices are.

December 6, 2013 | 05:59 AM - Posted by Faraz Khan (not verified)

My room size is 25Ft long width is 12 ft and height is 10 ft.
so how can i mannage a theatre in the room?

April 10, 2014 | 03:38 PM - Posted by micmid38 (not verified)

I would like a diagram for a screen that is 160 inches wide by 120 inches high. The room will have 5 tiered rows of seating able to seat 25 people and every row will have a line of sight view. I want each row to be 3 feet wide with a rise of 1 foot to accomodate line of sight view.

April 21, 2014 | 12:40 PM - Posted by Mychaelp (not verified)

I'd suggest going with the BenQ or Optoma for the best bang for your buck

July 19, 2014 | 02:14 PM - Posted by Warren (not verified)

I Have a living room 21'-0" by 14'8" and would like to place my 40inch TV in the Corner but would like surrounds sound that best suit my room area that was giving.

August 22, 2014 | 03:57 AM - Posted by methil69 (not verified)

I had been using yamaha rxv 2300 in 6.1 config. I had hooked up 5 subs to the 5 main channels thru speaker level inputs and had a sub for the .1, the system was giving great performance. Now after I upgraded to aventage 2030 running on 9.1 the sound stage is too bright and bass is muddy. I hv not gone into the manual peq yet, but hv been fiddling with Ypao only yet. Any advs?


Recv yamaha rx a 2300
Speakers yamaha ns 515 series and 555 series
Subs yamaha yst 300 x 2 on fronts yst 160 x 2 on rear surrounds
Yst 45 on centre and yst 800 for the .1
BD player samsung.

May 24, 2016 | 03:38 PM - Posted by jaleel (not verified)

i need my home arrange theater 2700cm with to 6850 is length with full setup please help me for this


September 10, 2017 | 09:23 PM - Posted by Anonymo (not verified)

Firstly.whst is the high of a standard cinema that can contain 100 people. And like how much can one budget for such cinema. What type of projection is better

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