Review Index:

NVIDIA GeForce GTX TITAN Performance Review and Frame Rating Update

Manufacturer: NVIDIA

TITAN is back for more!

Our NVIDIA GeForce GTX TITAN Coverage Schedule:

If you are reading this today, chances are you were here on Tuesday when we first launched our NVIDIA GeForce GTX TITAN features and preview story (accessible from the link above) and were hoping to find benchmarks then.  You didn't, but you will now.  I am here to show you that the TITAN is indeed the single fastest GPU on the market and MAY be the best graphics cards (single or dual GPU) on the market depending on what usage models you have.  Some will argue, some will disagree, but we have an interesting argument to make about this $999 gaming beast.

A brief history of, TITAN

In our previous article we talked all about TITAN's GK110-based GPU, the form factor, card design, GPU Boost 2.0 features and much more and I would highly press you all to read it before going forward.  If you just want the cliff notes, I am going to copy and paste some of the most important details below.

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From a pure specifications standpoint the GeForce GTX TITAN based on GK110 is a powerhouse.  While the full GPU sports a total of 15 SMX units, TITAN will have 14 of them enabled for a total of 2688 shaders and 224 texture units.  Clock speeds on TITAN are a bit lower than on GK104 with a base clock rate of 836 MHz and a Boost Clock of 876 MHz.  As we will show you later in this article though the GPU Boost technology has been updated and changed quite a bit from what we first saw with the GTX 680.

The bump in the memory bus width is also key, being able to feed that many CUDA cores definitely required a boost from 256-bit to 384-bit, a 50% increase.  Even better, the memory bus is still running at 6.0 GHz resulting in total memory bandwdith of 288.4 GB/s.

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Speaking of memory - this card will ship with 6GB on-board.  Yes, 6 GeeBees!!  That is twice as much as AMD's Radeon HD 7970 and three times as much as NVIDIA's own GeForce GTX 680 card.  This is without a doubt a nod to the super-computing capabilities of the GPU and the GPGPU functionality that NVIDIA is enabling with the double precision aspects of GK110.

Continue reading our full review of the NVIDIA GeForce GTX TITAN graphics card with benchmarks and an update on our Frame Rating process!!

The look and styling of the GeForce GTX TITAN design is very similar to that of the GeForce GTX 690 that launched in May of last year.  NVIDIA was less interested in talking about the make up of the materials this time around but it is obvious when looking at and holding the GTX TITAN that it is built to impress buyers.   Measuring only 10.5-in long the TITAN will be able to find its way into many more chassis and system designs than the GTX 690 could.

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Output configurations are identical to that of the GTX 680 cards including a pair of dual-link DVI connections, a full-size HDMI port and a DisplayPort.  You can utilize all four of the outputs at once as well for 3+1 monitor configurations.

With TITAN, NVIDIA will be releasing an updated version of GPU Boost they claim will allow for even higher clocks on the GPU than the original technology would have allowed.  This time the key measurement isn't power but temperature.

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his updated version of GPU Boost can increase the maximum clock rate because the voltage level is controlled by a known, easily measured data point: temperature.  By preventing a combination of high voltages and high temperatures that might break a chip, NVIDIA can increase the voltage on a chip-to-chip basis to increase the overall performance of the card in most cases.

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This new version of GPU Boost definitely seems more in line with the original goals of the technology but there are some interesting caveats.  First, you'll quickly find that the clock speeds of TITAN will start out higher on a "cold" GPU and then ramp down as the temperature of the die increases.  This means that doing quick performance checks of the GPU using 3DMark or even quick game launches will result in performance measurements that are higher than they would be after 5-10 minutes of gaming.  As a result. our testing of TITAN required us to "warm up" the GPU for a few minutes before every benchmark run.

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February 21, 2013 | 11:02 PM - Posted by mateo (not verified)

Can't wait for you guys to set your new benching machine.

No freebies anymore for GPUs, nor for game developers ;)

February 21, 2013 | 11:31 PM - Posted by arbiter

As you said on TWiCH AMD wasn't to happy with these results. I would expect that bit of an understatement. They made claims the 7970 Ghz was the fastest gpu on the market for a while, This new testing method kinda casts a major shadow on that claim if they are using so many "runt frames" to boost fps score's

February 28, 2013 | 10:19 AM - Posted by Anonymous (not verified)

As I understand it, the runt frames were a crossfire characteristic. The single GPU setup was fine.

February 22, 2013 | 04:28 AM - Posted by techno (not verified)

This is all very interesting stuff about the frame rate analysis.

It seems to be the case that frame rate variance reduces as you test at more gpu intensive settings.

This suggests to me that the variance is being caused by cpu bottle necking. Amd's set up would appear to be more sensitive to these cpu bottle necks than nvidia's.

This also explains how the temporary fix of limiting the max frame rate on Amd set ups works as it is preventing rapid frame rates from causing cpu bottle necks.

Was wondering what clock speed the test platforms 3960 was running at and it you have tested how this frame time variance is affected by different cpu clock speeds?

February 28, 2013 | 10:27 AM - Posted by Identity Unknown (not verified)

This makes a lot of sense as (IIRC) a while back AMD actively pursued higher CPU utilization to lighten the GPU load and better balance to system resource utilization. Being more sensitive to CPU hiccups would be an undesirable side effect of such a pursuit.

February 22, 2013 | 06:34 AM - Posted by BiggieShady

Zoomed FRAPS frame time graph is not labeled properly.

Great review btw, specifically the page before the last.

February 22, 2013 | 10:01 AM - Posted by yeki (not verified)

Seriously? You're still doing this? Can you please give me one reason, just ONE reason, as to why I would want to play a game without Vsync and Triple Buffering? Because that is the only, and I repeat, the ONLY situation in which your "novel" and "state-of-the-art" method of benchmarking VGAs would be relevant to an actual real-life scenario. I'd nominate you for a Nobel prize if you do.

February 22, 2013 | 11:31 AM - Posted by Atomic Walrus (not verified)

A little aggressive considering the topic, maybe?

Competitive multi-player games. Triple buffered vsync introduces significant amounts of input latency. Enough to detect in a blind test, and certainly way more than any display or input device a gamer would be likely to use.

This might not matter to you, but it does to plenty of other PC gamers. I found this article to be extremely valuable.

February 22, 2013 | 01:50 PM - Posted by Ryan Shrout

I kind of agree on Vsync, but frame buffering, probably not:

"1. If it is not properly supported by the game in question, it can cause visual glitches. Just as tearing is a visual glitch caused by information being transferred too fast in the buffers for the monitor to keep up, so too in theory, can triple buffering cause visual anomalies, due to game timing issues for example.

2. It uses additional Video RAM, and hence can result in problems for those with less VRAM onboard their graphics card. This is particularly true for people who also want to use very high resolutions with high quality textures and additional effects like Antialiasing and Anisotropic Filtering, since this takes up even more VRAM for each frame. Enabling Triple Buffering on a card without sufficient VRAM results in things like additional hitching (slight pauses) when new textures are being swapped into and out of VRAM as you move into new areas of a game. You may even get an overall performance drop due to the extra processing on the graphics card for the extra Tertiary buffer.

3. It can introduce control lag. This manifests itself as a noticeable lag between when you issue a command to your PC and the effects of it being shown on screen. This may be primarily due to the nature of VSync itself and/or some systems being low on Video RAM due to the extra memory overhead of Triple Buffering."

February 22, 2013 | 02:42 PM - Posted by mateo (not verified)

All valid points, but the question remains.

Does turning Vsync ON, fixes CF presenting issues.
If it does, is the performance of Vsycned CF in line when compared to Vsync OFF results.

Also does the system exhibits frame skipping like with RadeonPro "smoothing"?

And I'm not asking specifically about CF alone, but SLI and single GPUs also.

February 24, 2013 | 01:49 AM - Posted by nabokovfan87

Testing with VSync would "optimize" the video output on either vendor. So, maybe if you did an article with it on and base it as a "quality" type of test.

Both cards would be outputting as best they could with the monitor output being as optimized as it can be in terms of timing the frames. Compare the high end cards on 10 or so games, and it gives you an idea of which vendor has the best "quality" of game.

As far as GPU testing, I wouldn't want to see it. I would want the game to run and output as much frames as possible with everything turned on, check the times, and see how bad the timing gets.

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February 22, 2013 | 11:15 AM - Posted by Anonymous (not verified)

Why nobody is testing game performance with vsync ON?

February 22, 2013 | 11:46 AM - Posted by Anonymous (not verified)

Because vsync sucks, limits framerate and increases latency. Triple buffering even more so.

February 22, 2013 | 12:32 PM - Posted by Lord Binky (not verified)

Vsync is the easy way to avoid getting set up correctly.

February 22, 2013 | 05:41 PM - Posted by David (not verified)

"For 1920x1080 gaming there is no reason to own a $999 GPU and definitely not this one."

That line is debatable, and all depends on how you game. I spend a lot of time with heavily modified Skyrim and that game gives my 7970 GHz a run for its money at 1080p. One particular setup I use (mainly for screenshots) kills that card, frequently averaging at 30fps.

This is shared in the Crysis 3 graph. Even the Titan struggles to max that game out at 1080p.

There certainly are reasons to own a Titan for 1080p gaming, provided you have the coin.

February 22, 2013 | 09:20 PM - Posted by icebug

I am really liking the new charts and all except it is a little hard to read the names of the cards on the frametime charts. Would be nice to have a little bit of a larger font on those.

February 23, 2013 | 10:13 AM - Posted by Anonymous (not verified)

Well done
That's what I always say there is a problem on graphics cards that No transfers true FPS
Larger screens 46 "

February 23, 2013 | 04:08 PM - Posted by Qiplayer (not verified)

If you test a card such this without using 3 hd screens you (in my opinion) missed the point.

February 23, 2013 | 07:27 PM - Posted by elel (not verified)

What about GPGPU benchmarks? Is that still coming, or did I miss the article with them? But, thanks for the review!

February 24, 2013 | 12:25 AM - Posted by ME (not verified)

With this test you become number 1 website !

February 24, 2013 | 01:52 AM - Posted by nabokovfan87

I really don't understand the point of this card. I get it, it has lots of cores, but that isn't really reflected in any normal use. It would make sense for CAD type application, rendering video with GPU acceleration, folding, etc. As far as useability, it just seems like $1k of graphic card made for having a LOT of VRAM for high resolutions, but the price sort of makes it not "worth" that.

If I was reading the specs, comparing them to the 680/7970 and looking at those prices, I would find it really hard to justify the difference if you weren't looking at VRAM. Architecturally it has more "stuff", but isn't really a major shift.

680: 1536 cores @ 1000 MHz
Titan: 2688 cores @ 836-876 MHz

That gives you the same, less, or 10-20 AVG FPS more based on the charts (sleeping dogs being the example of above, dirt 3 isn't worth discussing because f/r is so high on these cards).

I don't really know where I'm going with this, but hopefully some amount of a point has come across. What on earth is this card for?

Ryan: Side note, is it possible to add a Blu-Ray or HD video render test with GPU acceleration on your benchmarks? It seems like something worthwhile to demonstrate when you having something like this where the product may be meant for uses other than gaming.

February 25, 2013 | 04:15 PM - Posted by HeavyG (not verified)

I just didn't see this the same at all. The 680 vs the Titan isn't even close. Other than being "single GPU", they aren't even in the same class.

This card brings a LOT of different stuff to the table, such as the new GPU boost, focus on acoustics (if that is your thing), and temp control. I thought the 690 was a big breakthrough, but the Titan probably impressed me more than the 690 did on release.

February 27, 2013 | 11:39 PM - Posted by nabokovfan87

Game: AVG FPS(680 / Titan / 7970)
FC3: 40.6/39.5/32.7
Crysis3: 30.1/41.6/30.6
Sleeping Dogs: 42/63.7/53.2

It depends on the game, but like I said earlier, it isn't about gaming performance at all. From what Ryan said on tekzilla the main point of titan is the actual physical issues behind it's fabrication and how THAT will be a big thing for the future of hardware or gives some insight or something.

I think it would be really interesting to see some BD decode testing.

February 24, 2013 | 05:41 AM - Posted by Pete (not verified)

Definitely the best Titan review out the PCPER! Excellent job guys! Frame Time analysis is invaluable!!!


What did you have your 3960X clocked at for benchmarks?

Wondering about Titan SLI scaling.....

February 24, 2013 | 07:49 AM - Posted by Pete (not verified)

Ryan can you please review frame-times in BF3 @ 5760x1080 with Titan, SLI, & 3-way SLI.

My currents 670s stutter with MSAA turned on even though vram not close to max.

Your frame-time review will be the determining factor if i get the Titans or not.

February 25, 2013 | 06:22 AM - Posted by Anonymous (not verified)

Wow - seems this site got big money from nvidia !

Did the same test they did and had no differences in framerate whatsoever for amd cf.
If you want to call me biased - go right ahead - I have pcs with nvd cards and pcs with amd cards - I don't care about the manufacturer, I only care about bang for the buck and titan is a huge bust - two 7970s (680$) outperform a titan (1000$), so for me there is no question about what to get.

February 25, 2013 | 03:28 PM - Posted by Jeremy Hellstrom

Which DVI capture cards were you using? 

... and where is my cheque NVIDIA!

February 26, 2013 | 11:03 AM - Posted by Anonymous (not verified)

Deltacast Delta-dvi

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