Subject: Storage | August 13, 2015 - 08:12 PM | Allyn Malventano
Tagged: FMS 2015, ssd, sata, SAS, pcie, NVMe, novachips, HLNAND, flash
It turns out Samsung wasn’t the only company to have 16TB SSDs at Flash Memory Summit after all:
Now that I’ve got your attention, Novachips is an SSD company that does not make their own flash, but I would argue that they make other peoples flash better. They source flash memory wafers and dies from other companies, but they package it in a unique way that enables very large numbers of flash dies per controller. This is handy for situations where very large capacities per controller are needed (either physically or logically).
Normally there is a limit to the number of dies that can communicate on a common bus (similar limits apply to DRAM, which is why some motherboards are picky with large numbers of DIMMs installed). Novachips gets around this with an innovative flash packaging method:
The 16-die stack in the above picture would normally just connect out the bottom of the package, but in the Novachips parts, those connections are made to a microcontroller die also present within the package. This part acts as an interface back to the main SSD controller, but it does so over a ring bus architecture.
To clarify, those 800 or 1600 MB/sec figures on the above slide are the transfer rates *per ring*, and Novachips controller is 8-channels, meaning the flash side of the controller can handle massive throughputs. Ring busses are not limited by the same fanout requirements seen on parallel addressed devices, which means there is no practical limit to the number of flash packages connected on a single controller channel, making for some outrageous amounts of flash hanging off of a single controller:
That’s a lot of flash on a single card (and yes, the other side was full as well).
The above pic was taken at last years Flash Memory Summit. Novachips has been making steady progress on controller development as well. Here is a prototype controller seen last year running on an FPGA test system:
…and this year that same controller had been migrated to an ASIC:
It’s interesting to see the physical differences between those two parts. Note that both new and old platforms were connected to the same banks of flash. The newer photo showed two complete systems – one on ONFi flash (IMFT Intel / Micron) and the other on Toggle Mode (Toshiba). This was done to demonstrate that Novachips HLNAND hardware is compatible with both types.
Novachips also had NVMe PCIe hardware up and running at the show.
Novachips was also showing some impressive packaging in their SATA devices:
At the right was a 2TB SATA SSD, and at the left was a 4TB unit. Both were in the 7mm form factor. 4TB is the largest capacity SSD I have seen in that form factor to date.
Novachips also makes an 8TB variant, though the added PCB requires 15mm packaging.
All of this means that it is not always necessary to have huge capacity per die to achieve a huge capacity SSD. Imagine very high capacity flash arrays using this technology, connecting a single controller to a bank of Toshiba’s new QLC archival flash or Samsung’s new 256Gbit VNAND. Then imagine a server full of those PCIe devices. Things certainly seem to be getting big in the world of flash memory, that’s for sure.
Even more Flash Memory Summit posts to follow!
Subject: Storage | December 15, 2014 - 01:35 PM | Jeremy Hellstrom
Tagged: SAS, hdd, DIY, LSI, Seagate, icy dock
You may want to build a server consisting of enterprise level SSDs to make sure it provides the best possible speeds to anyone accessing data stored there but the chances of you getting the budget for it are slim going on none. That is why reading the guide on building servers from Modders Inc is worth your time if you find yourself pondering the best way to build a storage server on a budget without making it abysmally slow. You have many choices when you are designing a storage server but if you are not quite sure where to start the list of components and the arguments for their usefulness will get you headed in the right direction. For example the LSI MegaRAID SAS 9271-8i is an impressive RAID controller and with good SAS HDDs you can expect to see very good data throughput and will be more important than the CPU you select. Check out the article right here.
"IT infrastructure and storage has always been part of serious conversation between IT engineers and their bosses. As always IT Engineers want to use the best of the newest technologies while their bosses want to keep every project under a tight budget. It's always an ongoing battle, however both sides always come to some mutual agreement that benefits both sides."
Here are some more Storage reviews from around the web:
- Western Digital Red (WD60EFRX) 6 TB Hard Disk @ TechARP
- QNAP TS-451 Network Attached Storage @ Modders-Inc
- LaCie d2 Thunderbolt Review @ TechwareLabs
- Inateck FE2005 USB 3.0 Tool-Less 2.5″ HDD Enclosure @ eTeknix
- Transcend SSD370 256GB SSD Review @HiTech Legion
- Samsung 850 EVO 500GB SSD Review @ NikKTech
- Samsung 850 EVO 120GB review @ Bjorn3d
- Kingston SSDnow M2 SATA 120GB Solid State Drive @ eTeknix
Subject: Storage | April 8, 2014 - 11:22 PM | Tim Verry
Tagged: Seagate, sata 6Gbs, SAS, Hard Drive, enterprise, 6tb
Seagate's latest enterprise class hard drive offers up to 6TB of space in a 3.5" form factor. The Enterprise Capacity series drive comes in both SATA III 6Gbps and 12Gbps SAS interfaces. Seagate was able to achieve an impressive 1,000 Gb/inch or about 1.25 TB per platter with the drive's five total platters adding up to the 6TB capacity. Perhaps even more impressively, Seagate was able to offer up a 6TB, five platter, 7,200 RPM drive without using helium.
The 6TB Enterprise Capacity hard drive comes with a 128MB DRAM cache. It is rated at 216 MB/s for sequential transfer speeds and an average latency of 4.16 milliseconds. The drive also supports 256-bit AES encryption and an instant secure erase function which overwrites data multiple times. Seagate further claims the drive is rated for 24/7 workloads at 550TB/year with a MTBF of 1.4 million hours. The drive comes with a five year warranty.
The drive will come in several variants depending on the storage interface. LaCie has already committed to using the new drives in its dual bay external storage products. Seagate has not released pricing on the new 6TB drive, but stated that it would price the drive at the same $/GB as last year's 4TB model. Expect the price to be around $650 MSRP before contract and bulk order deals.
It is a neat drive for sure, and I hope that the technology trickles down to the consumer space quickly, as 4TB has been the maximum single drive capacity for far too long!
For now, the drive will be used in the datacenter, production house, and security/surveillance markets (particularly in the datacenter market where rack space is at a premium).
Subject: Storage | December 5, 2013 - 05:08 PM | Jeremy Hellstrom
Tagged: hgst, SAS, ssd, SSD800MM, enterprise ssd
For Enterprise level performance nothing beats SAS as it can sustain transfer speeds of up to 12Gbps if your storage media is fast enough. The partnership of Intel and HGST bring you just such a drive, rated at 700MB/s and 1150MB/s for sequential reads and writes and IOPS of 145K and 70K for random reads and writes respectively. If that isn't enough to make you jealous, The SSD Review also had a chance to test this SSD as part of an eight disk RAID.
"If you have been following The SSD Review in 2013, you are probably familiar with our coverage of 12Gbps SAS. Throughout the year we have covered HBAs, RAID Adapters, Enclosures and SSDs. We have been incredibly busy reviewing new products, but one product in particular has stood out. In all of our 12Gbps SAS reviews we have sung the praises of the HGST SSD800MM. Since the SSD800MM was more of a means to an end when reviewing the LSI SAS 9300-8e, we never really gave it its proper due. With this update, we wanted to put this SSD into perspective after nearly a year’s worth of 12Gbps SAS testing."
Here are some more Storage reviews from around the web:
- Toshiba PX02SS 12Gbps SAS Enterprise (400GB) @ SSD Review
- OCZ Vector 150 240GB @ Legion Hardware
- M.2 NGFF PCIe SSD Adapter @ SSD Review
- ioSwitch Raijin M.2 NGFF PCIe @ SSD Review
- VisionTek Data Fusion PCIe (480GB) @ SSD Review
- Western Digital RED 4TB Hard Drive Review @ Hardware Canucks
- Western Digital Red (WD40EFRX) 4 TB NAS Hard Disk Drive @ TechARP
- Synology DS1513+ Scalable NAS for SMB Review @ Madshrimps
- Western Digital My Cloud 2TB @ eTeknix
- Thecus N2560 NAS Server @ NikKTech
- Western Digital Black² Dual Drive Review – Two drives in one! @ TechwareLabs
- Western Digital Black² 1TB Dual Drive Review @ Hardware Canucks
- WD Black² Dual Drive @ Legion Hardware
- iStarUSA BPN-2535DE-SA SATA 6Gb/s Hot-Swap Cage @ NikKTech
- Lexar JumpDrive P10 32 GB USB 3.0 @ techPowerUp
- Buffalo LinkStation LS421DE Enclosure @ Kitguru
- ADATA HE720 500GB Slim External Hard Drive Review @HiTech Legion
- ADATA DashDrive HV620 External Hard Drive @ Benchmark Reviews
Subject: General Tech | July 17, 2013 - 01:15 PM | Jeremy Hellstrom
Tagged: LSI, PCIe SAS, SAS, 12Gbps
LSI has decided that saturating SATA 6Gbps is no longer a challenge and have moved on to 12Gbps, providing over 1 million IOPS for those in need of extreme storage speeds. They provide this with a PCIe card using their SAS 3008 or 3004 controller with three of the four models providing 8 ports and one providing 4 ports with the "e" models providing external connectivity and the "i" models internal connectivity. The drives on this adapter will be bootable as well as being incredibly fast even with multiple drives strung together. There is no price at the Register but you can bet they will not be cheap.
"LSI has begun shipping its first 12Gbps SAS adapters for storage arrays, servers and workstations, doubling the prevailing 6Gbps SAS data rate.
LSI's SAS 9300 HBA (Host Bus Adapter) runs at 12Gbit/sec, delivers over 1 million IOPS through a PCIe 3.0 connection to hosts, and comes in four versions."
Here is some more Tech News from around the web:
- Direct3D 9 Support Released For Linux Via Gallium3D, Running Games @ Phoronix
- Office 365, Amazon, Others Vulnerable To Exploit Microsoft Knew About In 2012 @ Slashdot
- Pwn all the Androids, part II: Flaw in Java, hidden Trojan @ The Regsiter
- Microsoft DENIES it gives backdoor access to Outlook encryption @ The Register
- Luxa2 H5 Premium Car Mount Review@ Pro-Clockers
- Casio PROTREK PRG-240 Watch @ NikKTech
Today Western Digital launched a new line of Hard Disk Drives. The Xe is very similar to their VelociRaptor, with the same 2.5"-3.5" heat sink adapter plate. The primary difference, however, is these units feature Dual Port SAS connectivity.
The new drives feature a 5-year warranty and will come in 300, 600, and 900GB capacities. With SAS HDD's becoming scarce lately, there is a definite gap developing in existing legacy SAS systems. We're glad to see a lower power SAS-connected 10,000 RPM offering to help bridge that gap.
Subject: General Tech | February 27, 2013 - 01:11 PM | Jeremy Hellstrom
Tagged: ssd, enterprise ssd, SAS, micron, micron p410m
Micron has announced a new SSD, the P410 SSD which will use a Serial Attached SCSI interface, perfect for dropping into existing enterprise servers. SATA is perfectly fine for SOHO users and enthusiasts but for large businesses with a need for extreme reliability, SAS has been the interface of choice. Adoption of SSDs has been slowed in large businesses in part because it would require changing the existing architecture to SATA in order to incorporate SSDs into their systems. With the new Micron drive that is no longer necessary, at 7mm it will support high density servers and with the 25nm MLC NAND it is expected to survive for five years of duty with 10 full drive fills every day. Read more at DigiTimes.
"Micron Technology has announced another addition to its growing lineup of solid state drives (SSDs) targeted at data center appliances and enterprise storage platforms. The new Micron P410m SSD is a high-endurance, high reliability 6Gb/s Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) drive built to provide the performance necessary for mission-critical tier one storage applications that require uninterrupted, 24/7 data access."
Here is some more Tech News from around the web:
- AMD to sell a cut down version of Sony's Playstation 4 APU @ The Inquirer
- Google offers a single sign-on system, embraces 10 partners @ The Inquirer
- Benchmarking Ubuntu Linux On The Google Nexus 10 @ Phoronix
- Intel takes on all Hadoop disties to rule big data munching @ The Register
- Stuxnet worm dates back to 2005, Symantec reveals @ The Inquirer
- First Debian/Ubuntu Bootable ARM64 Images Released @ Slashdot
Subject: Storage | March 26, 2012 - 02:26 PM | Jeremy Hellstrom
Tagged: ssd, Toshiba 400GB SAS SSD, SAS
The main concern for enterprises is reliability, perhaps the main reason that most companies have not immediately jumped onto SSD storage as their primary solution. The cost is another barrier but for high volume database usage as well as disk intensive tasks like transforming video the speed advantage can pay for the initial investment in very little time, as long as the medium is reliable. Where an SSD failure on your home machine is frustrating, it can cost a business a lot of money. This is changing as we are starting to see more companies offering Enterprise class SSDs, usually SAS SSDs which can help ameliorate the possibility of downtime due to a failed drive. The Toshiba MK4001GRZB 400GB SAS 6Gb/s Enterprise SLC SSD is one such drive and when the SSD Review had a chance to test this $7000 drive they jumped at the chance. Check out the review to see its speed in action and keep in mind the stellar warranty which Toshiba offers, unlimited writes for the life of the 5-year warranty, when you are considering the drive for business use.
"Our SSD review today will be on the Toshiba MK4001GRZB 400GB SAS 6Gb/s Enterprise SLC SSD and will be the first to experience our new Enterprise Test Protocol. This SSD brings with it some of the best sustainable performance in the realm, and also has recently taken the Grand Prize for Excellence in Energy Efficiency and Conservation from the Japan Energy Conservation Center, so it is definitely a top candidate to initiate our new Enterprise Test Protocol."
Here are some more Storage reviews from around the web:
- Patriot Pyro SE 240 GB Solid State Drive @ X-bit Labs
- OCZ Octane 512GB @ Legion Hardware
- OCZ Synapse Cache SSD Review @ HCW
- OCZ RevoDrive 3 X2 - 240GB PCIe SSD @ Funky Kit
- Plextor M3 256GB SATA 6Gb/s @ SSD Review
- Crucial Adrenaline SSD Review: Solid State Cache for Your Hard Drive @ Techspot
- Crucial M4 Adrenaline 50GB Cache SSD @ SSD Review
- Kingston SSDNow V+200 120GB SSD Review @ Legit Reviews
- MyDigitalSSD 32GB Super Cache mSATA SSD @ SSD Review
- OCZ Vertex 3 Max IOPS 240GB SSD Review @ circuitREMIX
- SanDisk Extreme 120GB @ OC3D
- Plextor M3 128GB SSD Review @ HardwareLOOK
- OCZ Octane 512GB SSD Review @ Neoseeker
- SanDisk Extreme 240GB SATA 3 SSD @ SSD Review
- 24nm Flash SSD Faceoff - SanDisk Extreme Retake and Plextor M3 Pro @ Tweaktown
- Kingston SSDNow V+200 90GB @ Kitguru
- Patriot Wildfire (SandForce SF-2281) 4x SSD RAID @ Tweaktown
- Plextor M3 Pro 128GB @ Tweaktown
- ADATA S107 Superior USB flash drive @ Guru 3D
- 10 Things to Consider Before Setting Up RAID @ TechwareLabs
- Icy Dock MB082SP EZ-FIT Pro Dual 2.5” to 3.5” Hard drive & SSD Bracket Review @ Hi Tech Legion
- Synology DiskStation DS112j NAS Review @ HardwareHeaven
- Icy Box IB-MP3011Plus Review @ HardwareLOOK
- QNAP TurboNAS TS-419P II 4-Bay NAS Review @ eTeknix
- Synology DiskStation DS412+ 4-bay All-in-1 NAS Server for SMB Users Review @ Madshrimps
- Thecus N4200 Pro 4-Bay NAS Review @ eTeknix
Subject: Storage | August 24, 2011 - 10:03 AM | Jeremy Hellstrom
Tagged: drobo, SAS, BeyondRAID
SAN JOSE, Calif. – August 24, 2011 – Drobo, makers of award-winning data storage products for businesses and professionals, today introduced a new Drobo for business solution, the Drobo B1200i, which features technological breakthroughs and an unprecedented combination of automation, affordability and application awareness for the small and medium business (SMB) market.
The new 12-bay Drobo provides business customers with a unique storage solution for VMware, Microsoft Exchange and other business applications – offering advanced and sophisticated capabilities for customers without large enterprise budgets or deep storage expertise. The new Drobo takes an application-driven approach to storage, cutting cost and complexity while automating modern data protection, capacity planning and application performance.
The new Drobo B1200i builds on Drobo’s track record of providing “Small Box, Big Storage” by delivering a solution that is uniquely:
- Automated BeyondRAID™ technology optimizes advanced data protection without the need for specific storage expertise or configuration
- Automated thin provisioning and reclamation delivers enterprise-class expandability and storage utilization features in a simplified, automated manner
- New, automated data-aware tiering solves performance tuning issues that have traditionally taken storage administrators weeks or months to address
- Adjusts in real-time to changes in application workload, without the need for user or admin intervention and tuning
- Uniquely utilizes SSD technology in the same pool as conventional disk drives to accelerate the most demanding operations – automatically, based on application workload Affordable
- Available at prices starting under $10,000 for 12 TB of SAS storage
- The most efficient and cost-effective way to utilize SSD technology – unlike traditional tiering or SSD solutions, Drobo allows customers to incrementally add SSD drives in the same box and in the same storage pool as traditional media – resulting in optimal price-performance
- Designed, like all Drobos, to be the easiest to use and most automated product in the market, resulting in reduced configuration and tuning time, and lower operating costs
- B1200i Overview: http://info.drobo.com/resources/b1200i
- The Automated Tiering Experience: http://www.drobo.com/resources/tiering.php
- Drobo for Business: http://www.drobo.com/products/drobosanbusiness.php
The new Drobo 12-Bay iSCSI SAN storage for business model B1200i is available now for purchase at http://www.Drobo.com and through select partners and resellers.
Subject: General Tech, Storage | May 12, 2011 - 04:59 PM | Tim Verry
Tagged: ssd, SAS, ocz, enterprise
OCZ Technology, a leading provider of Solid State Drives, today announced a new line of enterprise drives. The new Serial Attached SCSI SSDs differ from other enterprise offerings by using multi-level cell (MLC) NAND flash memory instead of the faster single-level cell chips. Further, OCZ has included it's proprietary VCA (Virtualized Controller Architecture) technology, which provides enterprise customers with TRIM, SMART monitoring, native command queuing (NCQ), tagged command queuing (TCQ), power fail management, and wear-leveling.
Promising up to 64,000 4K IOPS and optimized specifically for enterprise level storage applications, the MLC based Talos drives deliver "advanced application performance, all the necessary enterprise features, and substantial power savings, at a better total cost of ownership." Further, the new Talos drives represent the highest capacity SAS 6Gbps drives available today.
The new drives will be available in both 3.5" and 2.5" form factors, and range from 200 GB to 960GB. They will soon be available to small-to-medium business (SMB) as well as enterprise customers through OCZ's business-to-business channel.