Subject: Storage | August 11, 2016 - 10:59 AM | Allyn Malventano
Tagged: FMS, SYS-2028U-TN24R4T+, SYS-1028U-TN10RT+, supermicro, SSG-2028R-NR48N, server, NVMe, FMS 2016
Supermicro was at FMS 2016, showing off some of their NVMe chassis:
The first model is the SYS-1028U-TN10RT+. This 1U chassis lets you hot swap 10 2.5" U.2 SSDs, connecting all lanes directly to the host CPUs.
Supermicro's custom PCB and interposer links all 40 PCIe lanes to the motherboard / CPUs.
Need more drives installed? Next up is the SYS-2028U-TN24R4T+, which uses a pair of PCIe switches to connect 24 U.2 SSDs to the same pair of CPUs.
Need EVEN MORE drives installed? The SSG-2028R-NR48N uses multiple switches to connect 48 U.2 SSDs in a single 2U chassis! While the switches will limit the ultimate sequential throughput of the whole package to PCIe 3.0 x40, we know that when it comes to spreading workloads across multiple SSDs, bandwidth bottlenecks are not the whole story, as latency is greatly reduced for a given workload. With a fast set of U.2 parts installed in this chassis, the raw IOPS performance would likely saturate all threads / cores of the installed Xeons before it saturated the PCIe bus!
More to follow as we wrap up FMS 2016!
Subject: Editorial | August 11, 2016 - 06:31 AM | Ryan Shrout
Tagged: video, Seagate, podcast, Le Grande Macho, 10TB
PC Perspective Podcast #412 - 08/11/2016
Join us this week as we discuss the new 10TB Seagate hard drive, Le Grand Macho cooler and more!
The URL for the podcast is: http://pcper.com/podcast - Share with your friends!
- iTunes - Subscribe to the podcast directly through the Store (audio only)
- Google Play - Subscribe to our audio podcast directly through Google Play!
- RSS - Subscribe through your regular RSS reader (audio only)
- MP3 - Direct download link to the MP3 file
Hosts: Ken Addison, Jeremy Hellstrom, Josh Walrath, Sebastian Peak
- No show notes today, editing remotely!
Subject: Graphics Cards | August 10, 2016 - 08:22 PM | Sebastian Peak
Tagged: video card, strix rx470, strix rx460, strix, rx 470, rx 460, ROG, Republic of Gamers, graphics, gpu, gaming, asus
Ryan posted details about the Radeon RX 470 and 460 graphics cards at the end of last month, and both are now available. Now the largest of the board partners, ASUS, has added both of these new GPUs to their Republic of Gamers STRIX series.
The STRIX Gaming RX 470 (Image: ASUS)
ASUS announced the Radeon RX 470 STRIX Gaming cards last week, and today the more affordable RX 460 GPU variant has been announced. The RX 470 is certainly a capable gaming option as it's a slightly cut-down version of the RX 480 GPU, and with the two versions of the STRIX Gaming cards offering varying levels of overclocking, they can come even closer to the performance of a stock RX 480.
The STRIX Gaming RX 460 (Image: ASUS)
The new STRIX Gaming RX 460 is significantly slower, with just 896 stream processors (to the 2048 of the RX 470) and a 128-bit memory interface (compared to 256-bit). Part of the appeal of the reference RX 460 - aside from low cost - is low power draw, as the <75W power draw allows for slot-powered board designs. This STRIX Gaming version adds a 6-pin power connector, however, which should provide additional overhead for further overclocking.
|GPU||AMD Radeon RX 470||AMD Radeon RX 470||AMD Radeon RX 460|
|Memory||4GB GDDR5||4GB GDDR5||4GB GDDR5|
|Memory Clock||6600 MHz||6600 MHz||7000 MHz|
|Core Clock||1270 MHz (OC Mode)
1250 MHz (Gaming Mode)
|1226 MHz (OC Mode)
1206 MHz (Gaming Mode)
|1256 MHz (OC Mode)
1236 MHz (Gaming Mode)
|Video Output||DVI-D x2
|Dimensions||9.5" x 5.1" x 1.6"||9.5" x 5.1" x 1.6"||7.6" x 4.7" x 1.4"|
The STRIX Gaming RX 470 OC 4GB is priced at $199, matching the (theoretical) retail of the 4GB RX 480, and the STRIX Gaming RX 470 is just behind at $189. The considerably lower-end STRIX Gaming RX 460 is $139. A check of Amazon/Newegg shows listings for these cards, but no in-stock units as of early this afternoon.
Subject: Graphics Cards | August 10, 2016 - 04:59 PM | Scott Michaud
Tagged: amd, graphics drivers
Alongside the release of the Radeon RX 460 and RX 470 graphics cards, AMD has released the Radeon Software Crimson Edition 16.8.1 drivers. Beyond adding support for these new products, it also adds a Crossfire profile for F1 2016 and fixes a few issues, like Firefox and Overwatch crashing under certain circumstances. It also allows users of the RX 480 to overclock their memory higher than they previously could.
AMD is continuing their trend of steadily releasing graphics drivers, and rapidly fixing important issues as they arise. Also, they have been verbose in their release notes, outlining fixes and known problems as they occur. Users can often track the bugs that affect them as they are added to the Known Issues, then graduated to Fixed Issues. While this often goes unrecognized, it's frustrating as a user to experience a bug and not know whether the company even knows about it, or they are just refusing to acknowledge it.
Useful release notes, like AMD has been publishing, are very helpful in that regard.
Subject: General Tech | August 10, 2016 - 02:13 PM | Jeremy Hellstrom
Tagged: gaming, starseed, VR, amd, nvidia, htc vive
When [H]ard|OCP looks at the performance of a VR game, be it a Vive or Rift title, they focus on the gameplay experience as opposed to benchmarks. There are numerous reasons for this, from the fact that these games do not tend to stress GPUs like many triple A titles but also because the targets are different, steady render times below 11.1ms are the target as opposed to higher frame counts. AMD initially had issues with this game, the newest driver release has resolved those issues completely. The takeaway quote in [H]'s conclusions provide the most telling part of the review, "If we were to perform a blind gaming test, you would not be able to identify which GPU you were gaming with at the time."
"We are back this week to take another objective look at AMD and NVIDIA GPU performance in one of the the top selling games in the VR-only realm, The Gallery Episode 1: Call of Starseed. This is another GPU-intensive title that has the ability to put some GPUs on their heels. How do the new RX 480 and GeForce 1000 series perform?"
Here is some more Tech News from around the web:
- Battlefield 1 weapons of war detailed in video trailer @ HEXUS
- No Man’s Sky Launch Update: Exploits Removed, Sea Beds Souped-Up, Sunsets Intensified… @ Rock, Paper, SHOTGUN
- No Man’s Sky isn’t the game I expected: thoughts on the first 10 hours @ Polygon
- Deus Ex: Mankind Divided PC to support Tobii Eye Tracking @ HEXUS
- Sudden Strike 4 Is A Slower More Thoughtful RTS @ Rock, Paper, SHOTGUN
- Survive This Bundle @ Humble Bundle
- Dead Rising Being Remastered And Coming To PC @ Rock, Paper, SHOTGUN
Subject: Storage | August 10, 2016 - 02:00 PM | Allyn Malventano
Tagged: 2.5, V-NAND, ssd, Samsung, nand, FMS 2016, FMS, flash, 64-Layer, 32TB, SAS, datacenter
..now this picture has been corrected for extreme parallax and was taken in far from ideal conditions, but you get the point. Samsung's keynote is coming up later today, and I have a hunch this will be a big part of what they present. We did know 64-Layer was coming, as it was mentioned in Samsung's last earnings announcement, but confirmation is nice.
*edit* now that the press conference has taken place, here are a few relevant slides:
With 48-Layer V-NAND announced last year (and still rolling out), it's good to see Samsung pushing hard into higher capacity dies. 64-Layer enables 512Gbits (64GB) per die, and 100MB/s per die maximum throughput means even lower capacity SSDs should offer impressive sequentials.
Samsung 48-Layer V-NAND. Pic courtesy of TechInsights.
We will know more shortly, but for now, dream of even higher capacity SSDs :)
*edit* and this just happened:
*additional edit* - here's a better picture taken after the keynote:
The 32TB model in their 2.5" form factor displaces last years 16TB model. The drive itself is essentially identical, but the flash packages now contain 64-layer dies, doubling the available capacity of the device.
Subject: Storage | August 10, 2016 - 01:59 PM | Allyn Malventano
Tagged: FMS 2016, ssd, Seagate, Lightning, facebook, 60TB
Seagate showed off some impressive Solid State Storage at Flash Memory Summit 2016.
First up is the Nytro XM1440. This is a 2TB M.2 22110 SSD complete with enterprise firmware and power loss protection. Nice little package, but what's it for?
..well if you have 60 of them, you can put them into this impressive 1U chassis. This is Facebook's Lightning chassis (discussed yesterday). With Seagate's 2TB parts, this makes for 120TB of flash in a 1U footprint. Great for hyperscale datacenters.
Now onto what you came to see:
This is the 'Seagate 60TB SAS SSD'. It really doesn't need a unique name because that capacity takes care of that for us! This is a 3.5" form factor SAS 12Gbit beast of a drive.
They pulled this density off with a few tricks which I'll walk through. First was the stacking of three PCBs with flash packages on both sides. 80 packages in total.
Next up is Seagate's ONFi fan-out ASIC. This is required because you can only have so many devices connected to a single channel / bus of a given SSD controller. The ASIC acts as a switch for data between the controller and flash dies.
With so much flash present, we could use a bit of fault tolerance. You may recall RAISE from SandForce (who Seagate now owns). This is effectively RAID for flash dies, enabling greater resistance to individual errors across the array.
Finally we have the specs. With a dual 12 Gbit SAS inteface, the 60TB SAS SSD can handle 1.5 GB/s reads, 1.0 GB/s writes, and offers 150,000 IOPS at 4KB QD32 random (SAS tops out at QD32). The idea behind drives like these is to cram as much storage into the smallest space possible, and this is certainly a step in the right direction.
We also saw the XP7200 add-in card. I found this one interesting as it is a PCIe 3.0 x16 card with four M.2 PCIe 3.0 x4 SSDs installed, but *without* a PLX switch to link them to the host system. This is possible only in server systems supporting PCIe Bifurcation, where the host can recognize that certain sets of lanes are linked to individual components.
More to follow from FMS 2016! Press blast after the break.
Introduction and First Impressions
The Le Grande Macho RT is a massive air CPU cooler design from Thermalright that pairs a very large heatsink (with 7 heat pipes) with a quiet 140 mm fan. It certainly looks impressive, but you'll want to read on to find out how it performed on our test bench!
"With the Le Grand Macho RT we offer an actively cooled version of our famous semi-passive flagship. Thanks to the silent-running TY 147 B with fluid dynamic bearing, the Le Grand Macho RT can cool up to 280 watt.
The design of the heat sink has not been changed and is still asymmetrical. This offers the highest possible compatibility to the most recent motherboards. Thus it is guaranteed that the Le Grand Macho RT neither blocks the RAM spaces, nor the top-most PCIe slot on current ATX-boards."
While the Le Grand Macho RT is one of the largest coolers I've tested, it is still a little smaller than Thermalright's famous SilverArrow dual-tower cooler. In fact, the 159 mm height means it will fit a large number of enclosures (with 165 mm being a common limit).
The single-fan design of the Macho makes it look like a good candidate for low-noise air cooling, and it's physically larger than the Scythe Ninja 4 cooler I reviewed back in January - which was, incidentally, the quietest cooler I've tested to date.
Why install this giant on a mini-ITX board? Why not!
Subject: Cases and Cooling | August 10, 2016 - 01:38 PM | Jeremy Hellstrom
Tagged: be quiet!, Silent Base 800
It has been quite a while since Lee's review of the be quiet! Silent Base 800 so it is worth revisiting this case over at The Tech Report. The price has not changed from the original launch but there do seem to be more colours available, up to and including orange. There are several features which could influence you to purchase the case, top mounted I/O ports and power button and the Pure Wings 2 fans included in the case. On the other hand there is a distinctive lack of a reset button and the case is rather narrow and extra large GPUs will require the removal of drive cages. Check out the full review to see whether this case holds any interest for you.
"be quiet!'s Silent Base 800 full tower case features extensive silencing features throughout for quiet operation. We tested this case to see whether be quiet!'s noise-killing efforts deliver."
Here are some more Cases & Cooling reviews from around the web:
- Cooler Master MasterBox 5 Case @ Modders-In
- CoolerMaster MasterBox 5 Ultra White Edition @ eTeknix
- hermaltake Suppressor F31 Mid Tower Case Review @ Neoseeker
- Antec P9 Windowed Mid-Tower @ eTeknix
- Be Quiet! Silent Base 600 Midi Tower Review @ NikKTech
- Antec P380 @ techPowerUp
- Reeven Six Eyes II Fan Controller @ Modders-Inc
- Alphacool NexXoS Cool Answer 240 DDC XT kit @ Kitguru
- Thermaltake Pacific RL240 Water Cooling Kit Review @ NikKTech
- Reeven Coldwing 12 and 14 Fans @ Modders-Inc
- Corsair ML140 and ML120 fans @ Kitguru
- REEVEN Steropes Low-Profile CPU Cooler Review @ NikKTech
- Cryorig R1 Ultimate Dual Tower Cooler @ eTeknix
- Cryorig R1 Ultimate Review: The Cooling Force of Mass + Acceleration @ Modders-Inc
Subject: General Tech | August 10, 2016 - 12:44 PM | Jeremy Hellstrom
Tagged: sinclair, ZX Spectrum Vega, Spectrum Vega+, crowdfunding
If you like your drama and tech mixed you should pop over to the The Inquirer to read about what is going on behind the scenes at Retro Computers Ltd, who successfully crowdfunded the return of the Sinclair ZX Spectrum. Two founders and former directors quietly left the company back in April and are now loudly lawyering up in a suite they launched due to lack of communication from the remaining directors of Retro Computers. In return Retro have revealed that they too have lawyers, which are demanding information about unaccounted company funds which they believe were siphoned off or otherwise mismanaged.
Shortly after The Inquirer published their article both sides come out with updates about the case and more accusations. It could prove to be an interesting saga, especially with the upcoming release of the Vega+.
"Look, we're going to keep reporting this because it's fascinating, but at the same time, how much more of this dirty laundry is going to get aired, and why is it happening? There's a missing piece of the puzzle here. "
Here is some more Tech News from around the web:
- Windows 10 Anniversary Update crashing under Avast antivirus update @ The Register
- Dota 2 Dev forum breach sees two million user records lifted @ The Inquirer
- Ubuntu 14.04/16.04 vs. Ubuntu Bash On Windows 10 Anniversary Performance @ Phoronix
- Google Chrome will beat Flash to death with a shovel: Why... won't... you... just... die! @ The Register
- Hot iron: Knights Landing hits 100 gigaflops in plasma physics benchmark @ The Register
Subject: Cases and Cooling | August 10, 2016 - 09:54 AM | Sebastian Peak
Tagged: tempered glass, SSD Chroma, RGB, mid tower, enclosure, e-atx, chassis, case, bitfenix, aurora, ASUS Aura
BitFenix has announced the Aurora chassis, their latest enclosure which features tempered glass side panels and RGB lighting effects.
Both sides of the Aurora are covered by tempered glass, with the component side a clear panel, and the back a dark-tinted panel to help hide cables behind the motherboard tray.
One interesting feature is called “SSD Chroma”. BitFenix explains:
“‘ASUS AURA’ certified ‘RGB Chroma Control and SSD Chroma’ are co-developed with Asus Republic of Gamers giving you the ability to customize and illuminate the SSDs.”
Specifications and highlights from BitFenix:
- Colors: Black│White
- Materials: Steel, ABS
- Supported Motherboards: E-ATX│ATX│M-ATX│Mini-ITX
- Expansion Slots: 7
- Drive Bays:
- 3.5”: 2 + 2
- 2.5”: 2 + 1
- Front: 120mm x 2 or 140mm x 2
- Rear: 120mm x 1 (Included)
- Top: 120mm x 2 or 140mm x 2
- Component Clearance:
- CPU Cooler: Up to 160mm height
- Graphic Card Length: Up to 400mm
- Power Supply: Up to 220mm
- I/O: USB 3.0 x 2│USB 2.0 x 2│HD Audio MIC & Headphone
- Weight: 10.58kg
- Dimensions: 215 x 490 x 520mm
Highlights: BitFenix LED Lighting Controller & SSD Lighting Bracket│20-25mm Cable Management Space│Graphic Length up to 400mm│Support Dual 280mm radiator│Removable HDD cage│Removable PSU Dust Filter
Pricing and availablility for this new BitFenix Aurora are
not yet known late August and $99 US.
Subject: General Tech | August 9, 2016 - 06:54 PM | Jeremy Hellstrom
Tagged: input, patriot, viper v760, Kailh, RGB LED
Patriot have been focusing on peripherals as of late, while still more commonly known for volatile memory they have branched out into numerous other product lines. The Viper V760 uses Kailh switches equivalent to Cherry MX Brown; of the RGB LED variety for this is another colourful keyboard. Techgage tried out this keyboard in their latest review, appreciating many of the features of the board, perhaps most notibly the price of $100 or less.
"While mechanical keyboards have slowly become ubiquitous, not everyone has had a chance to try one out. For this article, we not only test out the latest keyboard from long-time memory company Patriot, with its Viper V760, we take a look at it from a new perspective – the perspective of someone who’s never used a mech before."
Here is some more Tech News from around the web:
- Cooler Master MasterKeys Pro M White @ Kitguru
- Cooler Master Masterkeys Lite L @ eTeknix
- SteelSeries APEX M800 Keyboard @ techPowerUp
- Tesoro GRAM Spectrum RGB Gaming Keyboard @ Modders-Inc
- Tt eSPORTS Ventus Z Gaming Mouse @ Benchmark Reviews
- Logitech G502 Proteus Spectrum RGB Tunable Gaming Mouse Review @ NikKTech
- G.SKILL Ripjaws MX780 @ Benchmark Reviews
- Dream Machines DM1 Pro Mouse @ techPowerUp
Subject: Storage | August 9, 2016 - 06:44 PM | Jeremy Hellstrom
Tagged: ssd t3, Samsung, portable storage
Just because you are on the road there is no reason to subject yourself to HDD speeds when transferring files. Not only will an SSD be quieter and more resilient but the USB 3.1 Gen 1 Type C port theoretically offers up to 450MB/s transfer speeds. This particular 2TB portable SSD uses the same MGX controller as the 850 EVO, the NAND is Samsung's 48-layer TLC V-NAND. The Tech Report previously tried out the T1 model so their expectations were that this drive would improve performance in addition to offering larger sizes of drive. Does it live up to expectations? Find out in their full review.
"Not all new SSDs go inside your computer. We take a quick look at Samsung's latest V-NAND-powered external drive, the Portable SSD T3, to see what it's like to put 2TB of fast storage in one's pocket."
Here are some more Storage reviews from around the web:
- Corsair Neutron XTi SSD Review (480GB) @ The SSD Review
- Kingston SSDNow UV400 SSD Review (480GB) @ The SSD Review
- Crucial MX300 750GB Limited Edition SSD Review @ NikKTech
- Apricorn Aegis Secure Key 3.0 Review – Data Protection For Every Security Need @ The SSD Review
- Kingston 512GB SDXC Card @ The SSD Review
- QNAP TurboNAS TS-531P-8G NAS Server Review @ NikKTech
- Synology DiskStation DS916+ 4-Bay SMB NAS @ eTeknix
- QNAP TS-453A QTS-Ubuntu Combo NAS @ eTeknix
- Synology DS916+ 4-bay NAS @ techPowerUp
Subject: Storage | August 9, 2016 - 05:59 PM | Allyn Malventano
Tagged: XPoint, Worm, storage, ssd, RocksDB, Optane, nand, flash, facebook
At their FMS 2016 Keynote, Facebook gave us some details on the various storage technologies that fuel their massive operation:
In the four corners above, they covered the full spectrum of storing bits. From NVMe to Lightning (huge racks of flash (JBOF)), to AVA (quad M.2 22110 NVMe SSDs), to the new kid on the block, WORM storage. WORM stands for Write Once Read Many, and as you might imagine, Facebook has lots of archival data that they would like to be able to read quickly, so this sort of storage fits the bill nicely. How do you pull off massive capacity in flash devices? QLC. Forget MLC or TLC, QLC stores four bits per cell, meaning there are 16 individual voltage states for each cell. This requires extremely precise writing techniques and reads must appropriately compensate for cell drift over time, and while this was a near impossibility with planar NAND, 3D NAND has more volume to store those electrons. This means one can trade the endurance gains of 3D NAND for higher bit density, ultimately enabling SSDs upwards of ~100TB in capacity. The catch is that they are rated at only ~150 write cycles. This is fine for archival storage requiring WORM workloads, and you still maintain NAND speeds when it comes to reading that data later on, meaning that decade old Facebook post will appear in your browser just as quickly as the one you posted ten minutes ago.
Next up was a look at some preliminary Intel Optane SSD results using RocksDB. Compared to a P3600, the prototype Optane part offers impressive gains in Facebook's real-world workload. Throughput jumped by 3x, and latency reduced to 1/10th of its previous value. These are impressive gains given this fairly heavy mixed workload.
More to follow from FMS 2016!
Subject: General Tech | August 9, 2016 - 05:21 PM | Scott Michaud
Tagged: windows 10, microsoft
According to ComputerWorld, Microsoft has decided that their 30-day rollback period is too long, and so they reduced it to 10 days with version 1607. Honestly, 30 days seemed a bit too long to leave (in my case) 30 GB of crap laying around your main drive, especially considering a new build is dropped to the public once every six to nine months or so. They should have an interface for users to easily delete early, and maybe even a power-user tool to move it to external storage or something.
This should not affect users who upgrade from Windows 7 and 8.x, unless the rules have changed since the November (1511) update. A non-Windows Insider machine will only install a new build of Windows 10 if the previous install was a clean install, or if the rollback period has already timed out. Also, users can still return to Windows 7 or Windows 8.x by performing a clean install with their respective product key, and Microsoft still provides ISOs on their website even if the user lost their install DVD.
That said, Microsoft still should make this much more clear in their interface, though. Looking at the Settings page, above, there doesn't seem to be any indication that my time is running out. Not cool.
Subject: Storage | August 9, 2016 - 03:33 PM | Allyn Malventano
Tagged: XPoint, QuantX, nand, micron
Micron just completed their keynote address at Flash Memory Summit, and as part of the presentation, we saw our first look at some raw scaled Queue Depth IOPS performance figures from devices utilizing XPoint memory:
These are the performance figures from an U.2 device with a PCIe 3.0 x4 link. Note the outstanding ramp up to full saturation of the bus at a QD of only 4. Slower flash devices require much more parallelism and a deeper queue to achieve sufficient IOPS throughput to saturate that same bus. That 'slow' device on the bottom there, I'm pretty certain, is Micron's own 9100 MAX, which was the fastest thing we had tested to date, and it's being just walked all over by this new XPoint prototype!
Ok, so that's damn fast, but what if you had an add in card with PCIe 3.0 x8?
Ok, now that's just insane! While the queue had to climb to ~8 to reach these figures, that's 1.8 MILLION IOPS from a single HHHL add in card. That's greater than 7 GB/s worth of 4KB random performance!
In addition to the crazy throughput and IOPS figures, we also see latencies running at 1/10th that of flash-based NVMe devices.
..so it appears that while the cell-level performance of XPoint boasts 1000x improvements over flash, once you implement it into an actual solution that must operate within the bounds of current systems (NVMe and PCIe 3.0), we currently get only a 10x improvement over NAND flash. Given how fast NAND already is, 10x is no small improvement, and XPoint still opens the door for further improvement as the technology and implementations mature over time.
More to follow as FMS continues!
Subject: General Tech | August 9, 2016 - 02:55 PM | Jeremy Hellstrom
Tagged: XPoint, Samsung, Intel, HybriDIMM
Bit of a correction folks, Netlist developed the HybriDIMMs using Samsung DRAM and NAND, united using their own proprietary interface. This, and my confusion, is in part to do some nasty and very costly IP litigation behind the scenes which lead to Samsung getting more credit for this than they deserved.
Netlist and Diablo Technologies worked together for a while and then parted ways. Soon after the split Diablo licensed SMART to produce ULLtraDIMMs and a court case was born. Not long afterwards SanDisk grabbed the IP from Diablo and now WD is buying SanDisk, making this an utter nightmare for a smaller company. Samsung invested $23m in Netdisk and offered a source of chips, albeit likely with strings, which has allowed Netdisk to develop HybriDIMMs.
Samsung Netlist has developed HybriDIMMs, replacing some of the DRAM on a memory module with NAND. This allows you to significantly increase the amount of memory available on a DIMM and reduces the price dramatically at the same time. The drawback is that NAND is significantly slower than DRAM; they intend to overcome that with the use of predictive algorithms they have called PreSight to pre-fetch data from the NAND and stage it in DRAM. This will compete with Intel's Optane XPoint DIMMs once they are released and will mean the DRAM market will split into two, the DRAM we are currently used to and these hybrid NAND DIMMs. Check out more details over at The Register.
"Gold plate can give a durable and affordable alloy a 24-carat veneer finish, adding value to cheap metal. DRAM gives Samsung-Netlist Hybrid DIMMs a cache veneer, providing what looks like DRAM to applications but is really persistent NAND underneath, cheaper than DRAM and lots of it."
Here is some more Tech News from around the web:
- Linux subsystem could cause Windows 10 Anniversary Update to eat itself @ The Inquirer
- Google study shows unwanted software is a bigger headache than malware @ The Inquirer
- Save Up To 70% On Steamcrate Subscriptions: Get 10 New Games Each Month @ Gizmodo
- Hacker Uses Fake Boarding Pass App To Get Into Fancy Airline Lounges @ Slashdot
Subject: Storage | August 9, 2016 - 01:09 PM | Allyn Malventano
Tagged: XPoint, UFS, QuantX, micron, FMS 2016, FMS
As you can see, UFS is not just for SD cards. These are going to be able to replace embedded memory in mobile devices, displacing the horror that is eMMC with something way faster. These devices are smaller than a penny, with a die size of just over 60 mm squared and boast a 32GB capacity.
One version of the UFS 2.1 devices also contains Micron's first packaged offering of LPDDR4X. This low power RAM offers an additional 20% power savings over existing LPDDR4.
Also up is an overdue branding of Micron's XPoint (spoken 'cross-point') products:
More to follow from FMS 2016. A few little birdies told me there will be some good stuff presented this morning (PST), so keep an eye out, folks!
Press blast for Micron's UFS goodness appears after the break.
Subject: General Tech | August 8, 2016 - 11:06 PM | Tim Verry
Tagged: xbox one s, xbox one, TSMC, microsoft, console, 16nm
Microsoft recently unleashed a smaller version of its gaming console in the form of the Xbox One S. The new "S" variant packs an internal power supply, 4K Blu-ray optical drive, and a smaller (die shrunk) AMD SoC into a 40% smaller package. The new console is clad in all white with black accents and a circular vent on left half of the top. A USB port and pairing button has been added to the front and the power and eject buttons are now physical rather than capacitive (touch sensitive).
Rear I/O remains similar to the original console and includes a power input, two HDMI ports (one input, one output), two USB 3.0 ports, one Ethernet, one S/PDIF audio out, and one IR out port. There is no need for the power brick anymore though as the power supply is now internal. Along with being 40% smaller, it can now be mounted vertically using an included stand. While there is no longer a dedicated Kinect port, it is still possible to add a Kinect to your console using an adapter.
The internal specifications of the Xbox One S remain consistent with the original Xbox One console except that it will now be available in a 2TB model. The gaming console is powered by a nearly identical processor that is now 35% smaller thanks to being manufactured on a smaller 16nm FinFet process node at TSMC. While the chip is more power efficient, it still features the same eight Jaguar CPU cores clocked at 1.75 GHz and 12 CU graphics portion (768 stream processors). Microsoft and AMD now support HDR and 4K resolutions and upscaling with the new chip. The graphics portion is where the new Xbox One S gets a bit interesting because it appears that Microsoft has given the GPU a bit of an overclock to 914 MHz. Compared to the original Xbox One's 853 MHz, this is a 7.1% increase in clockspeed. The increased GPU clocks also results in increased bandwidth for the ESRAM (204 GB/s on the original Xbox One versus 219 GB/s on the Xbox One S).
According to Microsoft, the increased GPU clockspeeds were necessary to be able to render non HDR versions of the game for Game DVR, Game Streaming, and taking screenshots in real time. A nice side benefit to this though is that the extra performance can result in improved game play in certain games. In Digital Foundry's testing, Richard Leadbetter found this to be especially true in games with unlocked frame rates or in games that are 30 FPS locked but where the original console could not hit 30 FPS consistently. The increased clocks can be felt in slightly smoother game play and less screen tearing. For example, they found that the Xbox One S got up to 11% higher frames in Project Cars (47 FPS versus 44) and between 6% to 8% in Hitman. Further, they found that the higher clocks help performance in playing Xbox 360 games on the Xbox One in backwards compatibility mode such as Alan Wake's American Nightmare.
The 2TB Xbox One S is available now for $400 while the 1TB ($350) and 500GB ($300) versions will be available on the 23rd. For comparison, the 500GB Xbox One (original) is currently $250. The Xbox One 1TB game console varies in price depending on game bundle.
What are your thoughts on the smaller console? While the ever so slight performance boost is a nice bonus, I definitely don't think that it is worth specifically upgrading for if you already have an Xbox One. If you have been holding off, now is the time to get a discounted original or smaller S version though! If you are hoping for more performance, definitely wait for Microsoft's Scorpio project or it's competitor the PlayStation 4 Neo (or even better a gaming PC right!? hehe).
I do know that Ryan has gotten his hands on the slimmer Xbox One S, so hopefully we will see some testing of our own as well as a teardown (hint, hint!).
- Xbox One Teardown - Microsoft still hates you
- PC vs. PS4 vs. Xbox One Hardware Comparison: Building a Competing Gaming PC
- Sony PS4 and Microsoft Xbox One Already Hitting a Performance Wall
- Tech Interview: Inside Xbox One S @ Eurogamer
Subject: Graphics Cards | August 8, 2016 - 05:25 PM | Jeremy Hellstrom
Tagged: htc vive, amd, nvidia, raw data
Raw Data is an early access game for the HTC Vive, one which requires space to move and which allows the Vive to show off its tracking ability. [H]ard|OCP wanted to see how the GPUs found in most high end systems would perform in this VR game and so grabbed several AMD and NVIDIA cards to test out. Benchmarking VR games is not an easy task, instead of raw performance you need to focus on the dropped frames and unstable fps which result in nausea and a less engrossing VR experience. To that end [H] has played the game numerous times on a variety of GPUs with settings changing throughout to determine the sweet spot for the GPU you are running. VR offers a new gaming experience and new tests need to be developed to demonstrate performance to those interested in jumping into the new market. Check out the full review to see what you think of their methodology as well as the raw performance of the cards.
"Both AMD and NVIDIA have had a lot to say about "VR" for a while now. VR is far from mainstream, but we are now seeing some games that are tremendously compelling to play, putting you in middle of the action. Raw Data is one of those, and it is extremely GPU intensive. How do the newest GPUs stack up in Raw Data?"
Here are some more Graphics Card articles from around the web:
- PowerColor Red Devil Radeon RX 470 @ [H]ard|OCP
- Radeon RX 470 @ The Tech Report
- PowerColor Radeon RX 470 Red Devil Review @HiTech Legion
- Sapphire Nitro+ RX 470 OC @ eTeknix
- The AMD Radeon RX 470 4GB Review @ Hardware Canucks
- AMD RX 470 @ Hardware Heaven
- Sapphire RX 470 Nitro + OC 4GB @ Kitguru
- Asus RX 470 Strix Gaming OC Aura RGB 4GB @ Kitguru
- ASUS Radeon RX 470 STRIX OC 4 GB @ techPowerUp